Setting up a productive homestead is a big deal. It sounds simple but it takes a lot of planning if you haven’t done it and it takes a lot of work if you haven’t done it right. Start by penciling them out on paper. Design and see how things would work out. As usual, the real product is never what it started out to be but it is a close approximation.
Of course there are many ways in designing homestead. It depends on how much work you want, how much you wish to get out of your land, how much money you have, and how much time you have to do it. The following article outlines a number of great point you will need to consider.
An Ideal Homestead Layout
This is just an idea of a homestead layout. No trees in the farming area. Pastureland, garden, fields.
How Large Should Your Homestead Be?
An acre is more than enough room; an acre, remember, is 209 by 209 feet. If you wanted a larger place, a part-time farm where you could, if necessary, grow 75 percent of the family’s food, then you’d want more pasture space and hayfield. But, the basic acre is still an excellent layout.
Then again, if you wanted to carry on a business at home, the office and “shop” to the left of the living room could be built. Naturally, this could be as small or as large as needed for your business.
If you want a commercial farm, then this same homestead acre is a good layout. You’d still want a kitchen garden for home use even if you were growing tobacco, or flowers or fruit. If you were running a commercial dairy or a poultry business then you’d drop your goats or cow out of the small barn, but might well have the rest of the items. Naturally, on a commercial farm you’d add to the basic acre as much land as you needed.
As a place to retire you might want an acre or enough for a part-time farm.
Most Importantly: The Basic Acre
You can see that this basic acre is the key to a productive country home. Even though the house may not suit you, or the exact location of the items may be impossible to achieve, due to the fact that you are remodeling an existing place, or even because you want your place laid out differently, I think you’ll find that this “ideal layout” makes a good point of departure. It does indicate basic principles that ought to be kept in mind.
1. Every bit of land should be used advantageously.
2. Garden rows should be of good length for easy cultivation — and run North and South for equal sunlight.
3. Pasture should be fenced into plots for rotation. Pasture gates should be wide enough for entry for haying and plowing equipment.
4. Vegetable garden should be handy to kitchen.
5. Lawn and shrubbery arranged attractively, yet easily cared for.
6. Child’s play area screened from street and located so it can be watched from the house.
7. Compost heap should be placed between barn and garden.
8. Trees should be spaced so as not to be crowded at maturity.
9. Shower, bath and dressing room should be accessible from outside.
10. Barn should be to lee of house; close enough to make supervision of livestock easy.
11. Adequate closet and storage space in house.
12. Space for good home workshop.
13. Housing for garden tools, wheelbarrow, lawnmower and small tractor.
14. A cold storage room for vegetables and canned goods.
15. Fencing so arranged that livestock may be turned loose from the barn.
16. Space for home freezer, laundry and fireplace wood.
17. Orchard should not shade garden.
This will give you an idea of some of the things that you ought to think about when planning a homestead.