Although menstruation should be regular, changes in the menstrual cycle are normal and can be caused by numerous factors such as: stress, long journey, virus infection and some medications. But some symptoms should not be ignored.
1. IRREGULAR CYCLE
Almost every woman knows how last her period of menstruation. Although ideal cycle is about 28 days, the duration of the menstrual cycle is very individual.
The cycle that lasts between 21 and 45 days is considered normal, so any changes within this period should not worry.
But if menstrual cycles become shorter than 20 days or the pause between two menses is very large, you must visit your gynecologist.
One of the main reasons for the change in the cycle is – stress. The disease today is caused by a sharp decline or growth hormones that can disrupt or to move the menstrual cycle.
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But also, if the new state is repeated month after month, it may be an indicator of some serious health problems such as thyroid disease.
2. SEVERE PAIN AND CRAMPS
Menstrual pain is considered normal, which is caused by hormonal changes. They can be activated by virus infection and disease or stressful life changes.
But although the cramps during menstruation are very common in most women, strong and unbearable pain it should not be a normal phenomenon because of which you are lying in the bed and drink painkillers each month, and it is necessary to inform your gynecologist.
Studies have noticed that women who suffer from very painful menses have higher levels of prostaglandin in the mucous membrane of the uterus, i.e. endometrial in menstrual bleeding by acting on the uterus, causing contractions of the muscles and blood vessels.
In addition to these normal phenomena, strong pain and cramps in the cycle can be caused by some change in the body such as endometriosis, ovarian inflammation, narrowing of the canaliculi, uterine fibroids and large ovarian cysts.
3.HEAVY MENSTRUAL BLEEDING
Just like the length of the menstrual cycle, the duration and level of bleeding is very individual in women.
Normal bleeding is the unit which takes between 2 and 7 days, and the power of the bleeding should be such that no problem can absorb larger pad or 3 to 6 pads in one day.
But if menstruation becomes so extensive that it cannot be controlled with hygiene pads (more than 80 ounces per day) you must inform your gynecologist about this phenomenon.
This phenomenon may be caused by polycystic ovary syndrome, adenomyosis and polyps, as well as some harmful diseases such as cancer of the cervix or tumor that secretes estrogen.